栏目分类：本科论文指导 发布日期：2017-09-15 浏览次数：次
论文题目：Read each of the short pieces and in one page describe what you believe the main idea or thesis to be.
论文专业：English Composition I
论文用于：BA essay 本科课程作业
Read each of the short pieces and in one page describe what you believe the main idea or thesis to be.
Pure EscapismMaggie Stiefvater, a writer, artist and musician, is the author of the "Shiver" trilogy, "Lament: The Faerie Queen’s Deception and "Ballad: A Gathering of Faerie."
Ahh, dystopia. All it takes is a glimpse at upcoming young adult booklists for 2011 and 2012 to see that the dystopian trend is not only big now, but is going to get bigger in the next few years.
In a culture defined by shades of gray, the absolute black and white choices in dark young adult novels are incredibly satisfying for readers.
The question of why these dark novels appeal to teenagers has been around awhile, and there’s a pretty standard response. It tends to be some variation of “these are dark, pessimistic times with the economy and culture; the darkness of the subject matter reflects those fears.”
My thoughts on that? Ha and double ha. I don’t believe it.
In my experience, the teenagers who are loving the dystopian themes are generally the ones who don’t have to face it. I don't think they read dark novels because it reflects their world. Would we be so enamored with dystopian fiction if we lived in a culture where violent death was a major concern? It wouldn’t be escapism.
Here's my theory: our world is getting increasingly complex. Teenagers face a huge number of choices and an almost paralyzing array of expert opinions on what constitutes right and wrong. In a culture defined by shades of gray, I think the absolute black and white choices in dark young adult novels are incredibly satisfying for readers.
Teenagers want to be able to fight www.51lunwen.com/Assignment/ for what’s right -- but finding out what’s right is now 90 percent of the battle. If only the evil in the world was named Voldemort, we could get down to the business of slaying it. And with the dystopian novels, we know just what we're fighting for.
Jay Parini, a poet and novelist, is the author, most recently, of "The Passages of H.M.," a novel about Herman Melville. He is Axinn Professor of English and Creative Writing at Middlebury College.
It does seem there is more interest in dystopian fiction now, especially in high schools. I myself was drawn to novels in this vein as a teenager: George Orwell’s "1984," Aldous Huxley’s "Brave New World" and -- especially -- "A Clockwork Orange" by Anthony Burgess. This last novel appeared when I was in high school, and I remember it vividly as a story that spoke to my own sense of a world where violence was not only prevalent but glorified, turned into a way of life. I felt myself surrounded by kids not unlike the “droogs,” and knew several replicas of Dim, the muscular thug who lived only to crush those around him. I could sympathize with Alex, the hero (or anti-hero) of that book. He was gamed by the system.
Many teens feel “gamed” in this way. Like Alex, they can’t “get out.” The adult world has them in its cross hairs, wishing to separate the sheep from the goats, and they will do so, whatever it takes.
I’ve watched my three boys come through high school, which always has a brutal aspect. (The last is now in tenth grade.) It may even be more brutal these days, with an excess of testing and the watchfulness not only of parents and teachers but the big eyeball of the system itself, its vision intensified by video surveillance cameras, Facebook and the omnipresent Web, which tracks everyone down, puts every idiotic statement in the virtual concrete of electrons -- forever.
I don’t wonder that, with klieg lights trained on kids these days, they resent it, shrinking from the glare. They feel trapped, forced into a world of tests that humiliate and unnerve them. And so we have "The Hunger Games” books by Suzanne Collins, or any number of young adult novels that eerily reflect aspects of our current world -- or the least attractive aspects of this world. Among my favorites is "The Other Side of the Island" by the wonderful Allegra Goodman, who subverts many of the conventions of dystopian fiction in interesting ways.
Breaking Down the ‘System’
Scott Westerfeld is the author many bestselling young adult novels, including the Uglies” trilogy and the “Leviathan" series. He has also written several science fiction novels for adults.
Teenagers are at a stage of life where they must tangle with almost adult responsibilities — school, work, college applications — and yet they haven’t been granted many adult powers or respect. They’re encouraged to work, but generally at menial jobs, and when they show up to spend their money, they’re carefully watched, assumed to be shoplifters and loiterers.
What is the apocalypse but an everlasting snow day? An excuse to tear up all those college applications?
Schools are places where teens are subject to dress codes, have few free speech rights, and are constantly surveilled, where they rise and sit at the sound of a bell. Is it any wonder that dystopian novels speak to them?
Of course, the other side of the boom in dystopian teen novels is a boom in post-apocalyptic tales. The system is asking a lot from teenagers and not giving them much respect in return, so it’s no wonder that stories about that system exploding, breaking down under its own contradictions, or simply being overrun by zombies are also beloved of teenagers.
What is the apocalypse but an everlasting snow day? An excuseto tear up all those college applications, which suddenly aren’t going to determine the rest of your life?
My last two series are about these two extremes: dystopia and apocalypse. “Uglies” is set in a society based on surveillance and control, which is where our “zero tolerance” schools are headed. And “Leviathan” is set in World War I, the historical moment when it became clear that we didn’t need gods to bring about apocalypses anymore, technology would do just fine.